• Chronicle of Bioresource Management-Editorial
    Ratikanta Maiti and Debashis Mandal
    Abstract   Pages:i

    Bioresource, the term is broadly linked with any resources of biological origin, whether it is wild or domesticated, whether human being or microbes; flora or fauna. Our world, with its increasing age it is continuously facing numerous changes of different origin- physical, geological, chemical, biological, ecological, social, cultural and even economical too. On broader perspective, these facets are interrelated and interdependent also. These changes not always bringing about positive outcomes, many a time these are crucial and problematic for growth, development and maintenance of bio-resources.….

  • Global Innovations–Local Solutions for Enhancing Sustainable Aquaculture for Poverty Eradication
    Maroti Upare
    Abstract     Pages:1-5

    The innovative community based tank management projects implemented by support of the World Bank in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh and Agricultural Competitiveness project in Assam and UNDP supported–aquaculture development in northern uplands of Vietnam are sustainable innovative projects for development of livelihood. The project thus directly contributed to the achievement to eradicate poverty and hunger and to promote gender equality and empower women for poverty reduction for achieving livelihood. These projects had impact including women for providing services for economic development through community participation of disadvantaged people of society. The project experiences are innovative and replicable for achieving conservation of bio-diversity, poverty alleviations and supporting sustainable livelihood.

  • Managing Agricultural Terrace Systems for Maintaining the Health and Productivity of Highland Agro-ecosystems
    Ek Raj Ojha
    Abstract     Pages:6-11

    Agro-ecosystems are most integrated with the existence of humankind, as they provide the latter with basic necessities such as food, energy, clothing and shelter. In many parts of the world, agricultural terrace systems form a considerable portion of the overall agro-ecosystem and prevail from historical times in areas predominated by a steep terrain, and offer sustenance to a large proportion of the population living in, around and even away from them. They are an efficient adoption of steep lands to render crop production possible, expand cropland, check soil erosion, conserve soil moisture and nutrients, improve groundwater storage, ease farm operations, increase crop yields and beautify the landscape. However, their productivity and sustainability depend on many other components of the overall human-dominated ecosystem. Just as the health of the ecosystem determines the prosperity of its inhabitants the inhabitants possess the capacity to maintain the ecosystem in a proper state only when they are reasonably prosperous. Functioning of a regeneration cycle in the ecosystem is thus highly essential. This paper attempts to address these issues in the universal context, but with a focus on the case of Nepal, in general, and an especially studied location in its far-western region, in particular.

  • Hypoglycemic Activity of Bidens pilosa and chrome picolinate as coadjutant
    Maria Julia Verde Star, Claudia Felix Alvarez,Pedro Cesar Cantu Martinez, Azucena Oranday Cardenas
    Abstract   Pages:12-15

    The objective of this work is to evaluate hypoglycemic activity of Bidens pilosaextract usedin traditional medicine, and with addition of chromium as an coadjutant. Healthy rats and rats with induced diabetes with Streptozotocin (STZ) wereused; 45 mg/kg B. pilosa extract, chromium picolinate and the mixture of both were given. The concentration of 100 mg/kg of extract with 200 mg of picolinate showed higher hypoglycemic effect. B. pilosahas hypoglycemic activity butthe addition of chromium as adjuvant increased this effect, which supports the use of this plant in traditional medicine

  • Assessing Potential Yields of Selected Vegetables and Evaluating Alternate Management Practices to Improve Qatar’s Food Security
    A. K. S. Huda, A. I. Issaka, S. Kaitibie, M. M.Haq, K. Abdella, P. W. Moody, A. T. Moustafa, I.Goktepe, K. J. Coughlan, M. Pollanen, and N. Vock
    Abstract     Pages:16-19

    Improving and sustaining Qatar’s food security situation has remained a significant concern to the government of the country. This paper carried simulation yields of squash, using a FAO software (AquaCrop), and utilizing a 30-year climate information, with different values of water productivity; and compares them with measured yields from some Qatari farmers and from an Agricultural institute SAIC). The farmers’ total yield for squash over two cycles was 16 t/ha; The SAIC farms reported a total squash yield of 30 t/ha. With efficient water, light and nutrient management practices, the simulated yield for squash was higher than the SAIC value.

  • Impact of Climate Change on the Forests of the Ural Mountains
    Natalya Ivanova
    Abstract     Pages:20-26

    Climatic factors are the main factors determining the structure and dynamics of natural ecosystems of the Ural Mountains. The climate of the Urals was not constant in the past. This led to the glaciations, warm (dry and wet) periods. Vegetation structure changes constantly. Currently, a strong anthropogenic factor added to the natural tendencies. Global warming is manifested clearly in the Ural Mountains. We can see vegetation changes along the entire length of the Ural Mountains. This is reflected in the shift of the boundaries between vegetation types (and forest types), change in ecosystem structure, outbreaks of diseases and insects. The speed and scale of change are high.

  • Information on the Need for Promotion of Bio-Resources Conservation in Nepal’s Environmental Sanitation Sector
    Thakur Prasad Pandit
    Abstract     Pages:27-2t

    Nepal is rich in ecological, socio-cultural and economical diversity. Its topographic features range from about 70m from mean Sea level to 8000+ m with snow covered mountains in the Great Himalayan Region.So is the variation in the ecology and natural systems. Within a limit of about 200 KMs we can experience vast differences………..

  • Forest is the Mother of Water Needs Research
    Dr. S. M. Jalil.
    Abstract     Pages:28-28

    There is no water in the river, canal, pond, tank, ring well, during the dry months. Normally, people bears the concept that dredging of river bed and excavation of canal, pond tank ring-well may augment water to flow in.The ring well goes for excavation in order to harvest ground water. Plying ship or country boat in the river route, whatever may be the case, the dredging is the answer. All these are the general concept in our country. This may or may not be cost effective or is it a permanent or long term solution? Nobody has yet searched if there is any way other than to augment water flow in the river or to raise the ground water table…………………………………

  • Ecosystem Based Approach to Solid Waste Management in Kenya
    Ephrahim Jonyo Odada
    Abstract    Pages:29-30

    The composition and amount of solid waste being generated in Kenya has been on the increase. This can partly be attributed to changing urban lifestyles, resource consumption patterns, improving income levels and other socio-economic and cultural issues. Thus, new approaches in handling these wastes need to be introduced to cope with their increase. This study has triangulated its findings through various literature reviews, interviews and field survey observations. It provides documentary evidence on the level of conditions and level of practice in solid waste management in Kenya. The findings indicate that only about 30 % of the 100,000 tones of solid waste generated in Kenya is collected and transported to the dumpsite. Residents do not separate waste at household level and burning is a common mode of disposal. The findings affirm to the need for a change in management regimes to become more commercially viable, adaptive and inclusive. There is also need for a sociocultural attitude change among the residents at household level.

  • Success Story of Kishushe Hay Self-help Group
    Mnjama Davis
    Abstract     Pages:31-32

    To enhance the capacity of agriculture value chains actors to adapt to climate change in Taita Taveta County of kenya, the Agiculture Sector Development Support Prgramme (ASDSP) in partnership with the Kenya Meteorological department and Care Kenya introduced the Participatory climate Scenario Planning process. This would ensure that prioritized value chains are developed while the environment continue sto be resilient to climate fluctuations, and that men, women, youth are able to participate effectively in and benefitting from economic activities in the value chains…………………………….

  • International Network for Bio-resources Management (INBM)

    Abstract    Pages:33-49

    Simply put, bio-resources are free gifts of nature.All animals, including mankind, and depend on bio-resources (plants and animals) for food,fiber, firewood, fodder, medicine, timber, honey, ecological and entertaining services and many other daily necessities for domestic as well as commercial and industrial purposes. Increasing global warming owing to the rise in green house gases, burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, land degradation, illegal poaching and hunting, uncontrolled urbanization, and so on are human activities leading to overexploitation and scarcity of bio-resources, especially those that are endangered. Clearly therefore, bio-resources need to be conserved (used sustainably and protected)…………….